Migrate Your PSPs To Kubewarden Policies!

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As announced in past blog posts, Kubewarden has 100% coverage of the deprecated, and soon to be removed, Kubernetes PSPs. If everything goes as expected the PSPs will be removed in Kubernetes v1.25 due for release on 23rd August 2022. (Kubewarden is a policy engine for Kubernetes. Its mission is to simplify the adoption of policy-as-code.)

The Kubewarden team has written a script that leverages the migration tool written by AppVia, to migrate PSP automatically. The tool is capable of reading PSPs YAML and can generate the equivalent policies in many different policy engines. Our simple script migrates your PSPs to their equivalent Kubewarden policies.

The script is available in the utils repository in the Kubewarden GitHub organization. It will download the migration tool in the working directory and run it over all your PSPs printing the equivalent Kuberwarden policies’ definitions in the standard output. Therefore, users can redirect the content to a file or to kubectl directly.

The script will migrate the PSPs defined in kubectl default context. The Kubewarden policies will be printed to stdout. Thus, the users can apply it directly or save it for further inspection. Let’s take a look at an example:

In a cluster with the PSP blocking access to host namespaces, blocking privileged containers, not allowing privilege escalation, dropping all containers capabilities, listing the allowed volume types, defining the allowed user and groups to be used, controlling the supplemental group applied to volumes and forcing containers to run in a read-only root filesystem:

apiVersion: policy/v1beta1
kind: PodSecurityPolicy
metadata:
  name: restricted
spec:
  hostNetwork: false
  hostIPC: false
  hostPID: false
  hostPorts:
    - min: 80
      max: 8080
  privileged: false
  # Required to prevent escalations to root.
  allowPrivilegeEscalation: false
  requiredDropCapabilities:
    - ALL
  # Allow core volume types.
  volumes:
    - 'configMap'
    - 'emptyDir'
    - 'projected'
    - 'secret'
    - 'downwardAPI'
    # Assume that ephemeral CSI drivers & persistentVolumes set up by the cluster admin are safe to use.
    - 'csi'
    - 'persistentVolumeClaim'
    - 'ephemeral'
  runAsUser:
    # Require the container to run without root privileges.
    rule: 'MustRunAsNonRoot'
  seLinux:
    # This policy assumes the nodes are using AppArmor rather than SELinux.
    rule: 'RunAsAny'
  supplementalGroups:
    rule: 'MustRunAs'
    ranges:
      # Forbid adding the root group.
      - min: 1
        max: 65535
  fsGroup:
    rule: 'MustRunAs'
    ranges:
      # Forbid adding the root group.
      - min: 1
        max: 65535
  readOnlyRootFilesystem: true

The equivalent Kubewarden policies can be applied directly to a cluster with Kubewarden installed using the following command:

$ ./psp-to-kubewarden | kubectl apply -f -
Warning: policy/v1beta1 PodSecurityPolicy is deprecated in v1.21+, unavailable in v1.25+
Warning: policy/v1beta1 PodSecurityPolicy is deprecated in v1.21+, unavailable in v1.25+
clusteradmissionpolicy.policies.kubewarden.io/psp-privileged-82bf2 created
clusteradmissionpolicy.policies.kubewarden.io/psp-readonlyrootfilesystem-b4a55 created
clusteradmissionpolicy.policies.kubewarden.io/psp-hostnamespaces-a25a2 created
clusteradmissionpolicy.policies.kubewarden.io/psp-volumes-cee05 created
clusteradmissionpolicy.policies.kubewarden.io/psp-capabilities-34d8e created
clusteradmissionpolicy.policies.kubewarden.io/psp-usergroup-878b0 created
clusteradmissionpolicy.policies.kubewarden.io/psp-fsgroup-3b08e created
clusteradmissionpolicy.policies.kubewarden.io/psp-defaultallowprivilegeescalation-b7e87 created

If users want to inspect the policies before applying, it’s possible to redirect the content to a file or review it directly on the console.

$ ./psp-to-kubewarden > policies.yaml
$ cat policies.yaml
---
apiVersion: policies.kubewarden.io/v1
kind: ClusterAdmissionPolicy
metadata:
  name: psp-privileged-82bf2
spec:
  module: registry://ghcr.io/kubewarden/policies/pod-privileged:v0.1.10
  rules:
    - apiGroups:
        - ""
      apiVersions:
        - v1
      resources:
        - pods
      operations:
        - CREATE
        - UPDATE
  mutating: false
  settings: null

---
apiVersion: policies.kubewarden.io/v1
kind: ClusterAdmissionPolicy
metadata:
  name: psp-readonlyrootfilesystem-b4a55
spec:
  module: registry://ghcr.io/kubewarden/policies/readonly-root-filesystem-psp:v0.1.3
  rules:
    - apiGroups:
        - ""
      apiVersions:
        - v1
      resources:
        - pods
      operations:
        - CREATE
        - UPDATE
  mutating: false
  settings: null

---
apiVersion: policies.kubewarden.io/v1
kind: ClusterAdmissionPolicy
metadata:
  name: psp-hostnamespaces-a25a2
spec:
  module: registry://ghcr.io/kubewarden/policies/host-namespaces-psp:v0.1.2
  rules:
    - apiGroups:
        - ""
      apiVersions:
        - v1
      resources:
        - pods
      operations:
        - CREATE
        - UPDATE
  mutating: false
  settings:
    allow_host_ipc: false
    allow_host_pid: false
    allow_host_ports:
      - max: 8080
        min: 80
    allow_host_network: false

---
apiVersion: policies.kubewarden.io/v1
kind: ClusterAdmissionPolicy
metadata:
  name: psp-volumes-cee05
spec:
  module: registry://ghcr.io/kubewarden/policies/volumes-psp:v0.1.6
  rules:
    - apiGroups:
        - ""
      apiVersions:
        - v1
      resources:
        - pods
      operations:
        - CREATE
        - UPDATE
  mutating: false
  settings:
    allowedTypes:
      - configMap
      - emptyDir
      - projected
      - secret
      - downwardAPI
      - csi
      - persistentVolumeClaim
      - ephemeral

---
apiVersion: policies.kubewarden.io/v1
kind: ClusterAdmissionPolicy
metadata:
  name: psp-capabilities-34d8e
spec:
  module: registry://ghcr.io/kubewarden/policies/capabilities-psp:v0.1.9
  rules:
    - apiGroups:
        - ""
      apiVersions:
        - v1
      resources:
        - pods
      operations:
        - CREATE
        - UPDATE
  mutating: false
  settings:
    allowed_capabilities: []
    required_drop_capabilities:
      - ALL

---
apiVersion: policies.kubewarden.io/v1
kind: ClusterAdmissionPolicy
metadata:
  name: psp-usergroup-878b0
spec:
  module: registry://ghcr.io/kubewarden/policies/user-group-psp:v0.2.0
  rules:
    - apiGroups:
        - ""
      apiVersions:
        - v1
      resources:
        - pods
      operations:
        - CREATE
        - UPDATE
  mutating: false
  settings:
    run_as_user:
      rule: MustRunAsNonRoot
    supplemental_groups:
      ranges:
        - max: 65535
          min: 1
      rule: MustRunAs

---
apiVersion: policies.kubewarden.io/v1
kind: ClusterAdmissionPolicy
metadata:
  name: psp-fsgroup-3b08e
spec:
  module: registry://ghcr.io/kubewarden/policies/allowed-fsgroups-psp:v0.1.4
  rules:
    - apiGroups:
        - ""
      apiVersions:
        - v1
      resources:
        - pods
      operations:
        - CREATE
        - UPDATE
  mutating: false
  settings:
    ranges:
      - max: 65535
        min: 1
    rule: MustRunAs

---
apiVersion: policies.kubewarden.io/v1
kind: ClusterAdmissionPolicy
metadata:
  name: psp-defaultallowprivilegeescalation-b7e87
spec:
  module: >-
    registry://ghcr.io/kubewarden/policies/allow-privilege-escalation-psp:v0.1.11
  rules:
    - apiGroups:
        - ""
      apiVersions:
        - v1
      resources:
        - pods
      operations:
        - CREATE
        - UPDATE
  mutating: false
  settings:
    default_allow_privilege_escalation: false

Note: The policies names are generated by the PSP migration tool used. The operator may want to change the name to something more meaningful.

Warning: This script works only in Linux x86_64 machines.

The Kubewarden team expects that this will help users migrate from PSPs as soon as possible. Let us know if you run into issues. We are happy to help!

Kubewarden References

Kubewarden policies cover all the Kubernetes Pod Security Policies

Have you migrated your Kubernetes PodSecurityPolicy?

 

Next Steps: Learn More at the Kubewarden Meetup

Join our Global Online Meetup: Kubewarden on Wednesday, August 10th, 2022 at 11 AM EST. Flavio Castelli from the Kubewarden team will tell you more about Kubewarden, give you a live demo and answer your questions. Register now.

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