Security Hardening: Use of eBPF by unprivileged users has been disabled by default

This document (000020545) is provided subject to the disclaimer at the end of this document.


SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 15
SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 12


Due to a large amount of security issues found and fixed in the Extended Berkeley Packet Filter (eBPF) code SUSE has decided to restrict the usage to privileged users only to reduce the attack surface.

Privileged users include "root" and programs with the "CAP_BPF" capability in newer kernels can still use eBPF as-is.



Disabling unprivileged eBPF has been switched to be the default begin of December 2021 in all SUSE Kernels.

To check the privileged state you can look at /proc/sys/kernel/unprivileged_bpf_disabled 
which can have these values:

  • 0: "unprivileged enable"

  • 1: "only privileged users enable (until reboot)". If this value is set, it cannot be cleared until reboot

  • 2: "only privileged users enabled". If this value is set, it can also be changed at runtime to 0 or 1. This value has been added by recent kernel updates and is not available in older versions.

This setting can be changed by root with a systemctl, to enable it temporary for all users:

    sysctl  kernel.unprivileged_bpf_disabled=0

or to persist over reboot by adding


to the /etc/sysctl.conf config file.


Security Alert


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  • Document ID:000020545
  • Creation Date: 17-Jan-2022
  • Modified Date:17-Jan-2022
    • SUSE Linux Enterprise Server

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