Firewalld Default Backend Change from iptables to nftables

This document (000020643) is provided subject to the disclaimer at the end of this document.


SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 15 SP3


As of SLES 15 SP3, the default backend for firewalld has changed from iptables to nftables:


The default backend for firewalld is now nftables. There are a few options for mitigating disruption during the transition.

The iptables-nft utility

The "iptables-nft" command can be used to run the iptables equivalent commands while using the nftables API.

Change Default Backend

If necessary the backend can be switched back to iptables with the "FirewallBackend" value in the  "/etc/firewalld/firewalld.conf":
Restart the service after modifying the configuration file to make the change:
systemctl restart firewalld


The upstream firewalld has been focusing its backend development on nftables due to several reasons that are explained here:


This Support Knowledgebase provides a valuable tool for SUSE customers and parties interested in our products and solutions to acquire information, ideas and learn from one another. Materials are provided for informational, personal or non-commercial use within your organization and are presented "AS IS" WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND.

  • Document ID:000020643
  • Creation Date: 21-Apr-2022
  • Modified Date:27-Apr-2022
    • SUSE Linux Enterprise Server

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