Joining a SUSE Linux Enterprise Server to a Microsoft Azure Active Directory Domain Services Managed DomainSUSE Linux Enterprise Server, Microsoft Azure
This article will show how to use Azure Active Directory Domain Services, providing Active Directory capabilities as a managed service in Microsoft Azure to enable NTLM, Kerberos, and LDAP capabilities with SUSE Linux Enterprise Server .
If you want to use Microsoft Azure AD Domain Services with Linux to test your product, you will struggle to find easy-to-use documentation. Documentation that shows how to walk through this end to end does not exist. And there is no general step-by-step explanation for Linux distributions available, as the package management systems for the different Linux distributions differ from each other. SUSE Linux Enterprise Server uses zypper, Red Hat Enterprise Linux uses yum, Ubuntu uses apt-get.
In addition, the packages to use and the instructions for configuring are often hard to understand. However, it turns out it is quite easy to domain join a machine using SUSE Linux Enterprise Server.
2.0 What is Microsoft Azure Active Directory Domain Services
The Azure Active Directory service does not directly provide NTLM, Kerberos, or LDAP services, while by default it provides WS-Trust, OpenID Connect, and OAuth capabilities. Applications hosted in Azure virtual machines however may need these authentication capabilities but cannot afford the latency of communicating back to on-premises infrastructure, requiring domain controllers to be hosted in the cloud. Many customers do not want to install their own domain controllers in cloud-hosted virtual machines, configure a VPN or ExpressRoute, and manage AD replication to on-premises domain controllers.
This is exactly what Azure AD Domain Services (AAD-DS) provides: a managed domain controller with the same users and groups as you have in your Azure Active Directory (AAD). AAD-DS makes it easy to join a virtual machine to the managed domain so that your application can use NTLM, Kerberos, or LDAP with the same credentials that they use to log in to Office 365 or Azure services.
Azure AD Domain Services will provision managed domain controllers into the Azure Virtual Network that you specify. In the image below, the managed domain controller virtual machines are greyed out. This indicates they are there but you cannot access them or do anything with the virtual machine directly. You simply use the familiar Windows Active Directory Domain Services (ADDS) as a service.
Figure 1 Microsoft Azure AAD-DS Overview
In this picture, you see that AAD-DS is enabled for the directory, creating two virtual machines in the subnet of choice. The application server can now communicate with those domain controllers to domain join the machine and enable authentication and authorization. Azure AD Domain Services works with either cloud-only or hybrid directories. If there is an existing ADDS infrastructure on-premises, you synchronize users to the AAD directory using HTTPS to enable single sign on to cloud resources such as Microsoft Office 365.
3.0 Getting Started
The documentation how to set up Azure AD Domain Services is
easy to follow. You do not need to install any software on your
machine, and you do not need to perform any local
configuration. Go to the Azure portal and follow the directions
given in the article
Enable Azure Active Directory
Domain Services using the Azure portal at https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/active-directory-domain-services/active-directory-ds-getting-started
As result, you get an Azure classic virtual network with the settings you chose.
Figure 2 Azure Classic Virtual Network Settings
NOTE: Classic VNets
At the time of writing this document, AAD-DS only supports classic VNets.
If you need to add users or groups, do this using Azure Active Directory.
Figure 3 Microsoft Azure AD - Adding Users
You can also create a group that contains the users who are administrators of the AAD-DS domain, enabling them to configure tasks like service principals and constrained delegation.
Figure 4 Microsoft Azure AD - Adding Groups
Now you can add a Windows virtual machine to the same virtual network and join the machine to the domain blueskyabove.onmicrosoft.com.
Keep in mind that the example at hand is using a cloud-only directory. There are no users sourced from on-premises. When you are prompted by Windows for the credentials to join a machine to the domain, use your cloud-only account firstname.lastname@example.org. When you connect to your new Windows VM using Remote Desktop Connection (RDC), use the same credentials:
Figure 5 Windows Virtual Machine - Enter Credentials
When you are logged in, open PowerShell and run the command:
Add-WindowsFeature -Name RSAT-ADDS-Tools
This command will add the Active Directory tools such as
Users and Computers. Now you can view the
domain information from your new Windows virtual
Figure 6 Active Directory Users and Computers
Your Windows environment is now prepared and ready. The next chapter explains how to create your Linux virtual machine.
4.0 Create a SUSE Linux Enterprise Server Virtual Machine
In the Azure portal, create a new SUSE Linux Enterprise
Server virtual machine in the same VNet that you used
previously. Filter for
SUSE and choose your
starting ISO image. In this example, SLES 11 SP4 has been
Figure 7 Select SUSE Linux Enterprise Server ISO Image
Make sure to create a VM using the
deployment model so that it can be placed in the same
Figure 8 Select Deployment Model
The next step enables you to provide your SSH login
information and SSH public key. For more information about SSH
keys, refer to the article
How to create and use an SSH
public and private key pair for Linux VMs in Azure
Figure 9 Add SSH Public Key
Choose a size for the Virtual Machine. For the example at hand, a DS1_v2 machine is big enough.
Figure 10 Virtual Machine Size
Now create or choose a storage account and cloud service. For the example at hand, the same cloud service is used as with the Windows Virtual machine above.
IMPORTANT: Virtual Network
Use the same virtual network that is configured for Azure AD Domain Services.
Figure 11 Storage and Network Settings
After a few minutes, the VM is created and you can connect to it via SSH. Use the Windows Subsystem for Linux, open a command prompt and type bash to open the bash shell. Then you can run your SSH commands.
5.0 Connect Via SSH Using Your Certificate
You have not yet joined the new SUSE Linux Enterprise Server VM to the domain. To do so, connect to it via SSH using the details you provided when creating the Azure VM.
When the VM is created, open the VM to see its public IP address.
Figure 12 Virtual Machine Overview
NOTE: Public IP
The public IP can change if you restart the Azure virtual machine.
Go to the
Endpoints property of the VM to see
which port to use for SSH.
Figure 13 Virtual Machine Endpoints
Now type the following SSH command to access your virtual machine:
ssh -i azure_ssh email@example.com -p 60252
Figure 14 Connect Via SSH
6.0 Domain Join SUSE Linux Enterprise Server Using YaST
Now that you can access the SUSE Linux Enterprise Server virtual machine, you need to join to the domain controller that Azure AD Domain Services provides. Since the VM is in the same VNet and you have updated the DNS settings for the VNet, the new Linux machine can locate the domain controller by name without any further configuration with the command sudo /sbin/yast:
myadmin@kirke-suse-aad:~> sudo /sbin/yast
This command opens the YaST Control Center. Choose
Network Services and
Figure 15 YaST Control Center - Overview
You are prompted to install the Samba client packages.
Figure 16 YaST Control Center - Samba Client Packages
Next, provide your domain as all capital letters, and enable the settings in the top section to enable users to SSH to the machine using their credentials from Azure AD.
NOTE: Custom Domain
For the example at hand, a cloud-only directory without a custom domain is used. If you added and verified a custom domain, and have users from that custom domain in your AAD directory from a synchronization, then you should use your custom domain.
Figure 17 YaST Control Center - Windows Domain Membership
Backspace does not work, use CTRL+H to backspace.
When you are done, exit and reboot the VM.
If you want to understand in detail what the YaST tool
did in the background, read the article
integrate SUSE Linux Enterprise 11 with Windows Active
Directory at https://jreypo.wordpress.com/2012/02/01/how-to-integrate-suse-linux-enterprise-11-with-windows-active-directory/
/>.This article provides a comprehensive look at the files
it edited and the values it used.
You can now log in using the same credentials that you use to log in to Azure AD:
ssh blueskyabove\\firstname.lastname@example.org -p 62075
Connect via SSH using your credentials from Azure AD. A home directory has been created for the user.
Figure 18 Connect from Azure AD Via SSH
The user is not contained in the
group. It is possible to enable users from a particular Active
Directory group to use sudo. For more
information regarding this topic, read the article
Adding AD domain groups to /etc/sudoers at
7.0 More Information
For more detailed information, have a look at the following articles:
8.0 Legal Notice
Copyright ©2006– 2017 SUSE LLC and contributors. All rights reserved.
Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this
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ADDENDUM: How to use this License for your documents
Copyright (c) YEAR YOUR NAME. Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, no Front-Cover Texts, and no Back-Cover Texts. A copy of the license is included in the section entitled "GNU Free Documentation License".
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